The three levels of self-awareness developed by the cognitive scientist Daniel Kahneman.
This is another topic that’s a little bit out of reach for the average person, but this guy is actually pretty good. His research shows that we do not always perceive things correctly. We do not see what we think we see. We distort our vision in a variety of ways to get the best sense, but that distortion is only part of the story.
Kahneman’s research showed that we often distort our perceptions in ways that benefit us. I often use this as an example to help people better understand how our perceptions are distorted. We see something for what it is and we think that we perceive it to be something else. But that is not how it is.
We all have our own way of seeing. Each of us has a unique perception of things. For example, I see people as human beings with the same personality and desires. The fact is a person is not just a person.
People often confuse the perception of things they can’t see. For example, a person can see a tree as a tree and a person as a person, but a tree is not a tree. We also tend to think of ourselves as the same as other people, but we are not. We are each unique and that is why we all see things differently.
Our perceptions of things is a result of our own unique ways of thinking. And that is not an accident. It is the result of some things we have inherited from our evolution. For example, our perception of time might be slightly skewed by our evolutionary history. Or our perception of people might be slightly skewed by our history of other people.
We tend to think that the world is a flat black screen. But in reality, the world is more complicated than that. It’s like the view in a movie theater. If you take the time to look at the screen, you will see the world as it is, not as you imagine it would be if you see it in the theater.
This is what was called perceptual illusions prior to Charles Darwin. It’s like the way you take a photograph of a scene and you’re able to see it as the photographer saw it. (It’s like taking a photograph of your eyes, but in your mind.) Now, that was called optical illusions in the 19th century, but it was later called perceptual illusions when it was discovered that the brain can distort the image of the scene it is viewing.
The first known example of a perceptual illusion was the double-blind test, in which subjects were presented with two images, one of them being the original one, and the other being a duplicate of that original. The first subject had to decide whether the first image was the identical image or the distorted one. The second subject had to decide whether the original image was the identical image, or the distorted one.
The results of the double-blind test showed that a subject’s ability to make the decision was not affected by the second image. In fact, the second image was so much more distracting that the first subject was almost unable to discern the difference between the two images. In other words, the original image was just a lot worse than the second one.